history of potatoes in ireland

13 Dec history of potatoes in ireland

Peasants along the way adopted the crop, which was less often pillaged by marauding armies than above-ground stores of grain. The potato was first domesticated in the region of modern-day southern Peru and extreme northwestern Bolivia[1] between 8000 and 5000 BC. Indeed, the early history of the potato is obscured by often contradictory stories, many of which can be relegated to the sphere of romance. New spuds herald a time of plenty. Prior to the 1994 Rwandan genocide, consumption was as high as 153 to 200 kg per year – higher than in any Western European country. [34], A lack of genetic diversity from the low number of varieties left the crop vulnerable to disease. The potato first made its appearance in Europe about 1570, having been brought from South America by the Spaniards. [2] Cultivation of potatoes in South America may go back 10,000 years,[3] but tubers do not preserve well in the archaeological record, making identification difficult. Throughout Europe, the most important new food in the 19th century was the potato, which had three major advantages over other foods for the consumer: its lower rate of spoilage, its bulk (which easily satisfied hunger) and its cheapness. The poor should be quite content with this foodstuff. Here are ten horrifying facts about the Irish Famine everyone should understand. The potato diffused widely after 1600, becoming a major food resource in Europe and East Asia. A similar pattern occurred in England where the potato became the food of the working class. While the potato was rapidly becoming an important food across Europe, in Ireland it was frequently the only food. British traders introduced potatoes to Bengal as a root crop, 'Alu'. Famines in the early 1770s contributed to its acceptance, as did government policies in several European countries and climate change during the Little Ice Age, when traditional crops in this region did not produce as reliably as before. As colonialists promoted them as a low-cost food, they were also a symbol of domination. Often even poor families grew enough extra potatoes to feed a pig that they could sell for cash. On the other hand, cash-oriented landlords realised that grain was much easier to ship, store and sell, so both grain and potatoes coexisted.[31]. At … The potato first made its appearance in Europe about 1570, having been brought from South America by the Spaniards. Eventually, agriculturalists in Europe found potatoes easier to grow and cultivate than other staple crops, such as wheat and oats. Although potatoes had become widely familiar in Russia by 1800, they were confined to garden plots until the grain failure in 1838–39 persuaded peasants and landlords in central and northern Russia to devote their fallow fields to raising potatoes. The Great Irish Potato Famine was a time in history that had huge consequences. History of the Potato in Ireland. Potato arrived to Britain in 1585, Belgium and Germany in 1587, Austria in 1588, Ireland in 1589 and France in 1600. [4] Potatoes dating to about 2000 BC have been found at Huaynuma, in the Casma Valley of Peru,[6] and early potatoes dating to 800-500 BC were also uncovered at the Altiplano site of Chiripa on the east side of Lake Titicaca. By the early 19th century, however, the potato had begun to show a tendency toward crop failure, with Ireland and much of northern Europe experience smaller blights in … Irish potato production has decreased from 332,000 hectares in 1850 to just over 9,000 hectares. Andean Indians prepared their potatoes in a variety of ways, such as mashed, baked, boiled, and stewed in ways similar to modern methods. More than a million people were forced to emigrate from Ireland around the world. In modern times potatoes have grown in popularity due to their versatility and ability to be used for many different dishes of food. See How to Grow your own Potatoes A new law for Irish home rule is delayed. [17] In 1553, in the book Crónica del Peru, Pedro Cieza de León mentions he saw it in Quito, Popayán and Pasto in 1538. [16] Potatoes were planted in Idaho as early as 1838; by 1900 the state's production exceeded a million bushels (about 27,000 tonnes[30]). This Kartoffelbefehl (potato order) termed the unfamiliar tuber "a very nutritious food supplement." The History of Potatoes. ", "A single domestication for potato based on multilocus amplified fragment length polymorphism genotyping", "Potato germplasm collecting expedition to the Guaitecas and Chonos Archipelagos, Chile, 1990", "Descifrando la historia ambiental de los archipiélagos de Aysén, Chile: El influjo colonial y la explotación económica-mercantil republicana (siglos XVI-XIX)", "DNA from herbarium specimens settles a controversy about origins of the European potato", "Columbus's Contribution to World Population and Urbanization: A Natural Experiment Examining the Introduction of Potatoes", "The Cambridge World History of Food- Potatoes (White)", "The Secret History of the Potato – ScienceNOW", "Containers and Weights of Commercial Fruits, Nuts, and Vegetables", "After 168 Years, Potato Famine Mystery Solved", "Mash hits: the land that spawned the supermarket spud", "Fallece Profesor Andrés Contreras destacado especialista en papas nativas y ex alumno de la UACh", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_the_potato&oldid=992442230, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 08:21. Recently farmers have developed the potato as a cash crop after introducing several new varieties brought back by migrant laborers from Uganda and other varieties from Kenya.[25]. By the early 1840s almost half the Irish population—but primarily the rural poor—had come to depend almost exclusively on the potato for their diet. This new creation was then prepared into a stew, and usually was an addition to a stew. Established in 1912 as a Dominion Experimental Station, the station began in the 1930s to concentrate on breeding new varieties of disease-resistant potatoes. The vegetables gardens of Surat and Karnataka had potatoes as mentioned in Fyer's travel record of 1675. Across most of Northern Europe, where open fields prevailed, potatoes were strictly confined to small garden plots because field agriculture was strictly governed by custom that prescribed seasonal rhythms for plowing, sowing, harvesting and grazing animals on fallow and stubble. 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